Socio-Economic-Gender Baseline Survey Report (February 2013)
Hivos has started an initiative to develop a showcase for a 100% renewable energy island in Indonesia, called ‘Iconic Island’. The aim of the initiative would be to completely end the dependence on fossil fuels of this island, and to demonstrate and communicate the possibility thereof in the Netherlands as well as in Indonesia.
By enhancing people’s access to renewable energy, the project is also expected to bring positive effects to socio-economic and gender aspects among Sumba Island’s inhabitants. This baseline survey was conducted to be able to assess these results in the future.
This socio economic and gender baseline survey was conducted in two different times. The first survey conducted at the end of April until May 2012 towards 312 households. The second survey conducted at the end of November until December 2012 towards 268 respondent. Total number of respondents per district is determined proportionally toward total population of Sumba Island; the selection of sampling area was conducted through cluster random sampling – with the village as primary sampling unit. Based on the assumption that access to electricity affects the socio-economic and gender aspects, so the clustering is based on the electrification ratio1 of villages within respective districts. For the second survey, booster sampling also used for getting additional 61 households of SEHEN user, in order to have sufficient sample for knowing people satisfaction/dissatisfaction toward SEHEN.